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With the following advice and precautions you should keep as healthy as you do at home. Most visitors return home having experienced no problems at all and apart from some travelers experience diarrhea. There are clear health differences in risks for the business traveler and the backpacker we at Mountain Leaders also care about your health so here are some tips and a bit of health advice.
List of common vaccinations (you may not need all of these, so consult your doctor):
Take out medical insurance. Make sure it covers all eventualities especially evacuation to your home country by a medically equipped plane, if necessary. if you suffer from a chronic illness such as diabetes, high blood pressure, ear or sinus troubles, cardio-pulmonary disease etc. arrange for a checkup with your doctor, and take his advice before you travel. If you are on regular medication, make sure you have enough to cover the period of your travel.
Always choose a clean place to eat and dinner. It will help you from encounter from diarrhea.
Foods to avoid:
Uncooked, undercooked, partially cooked or reheated meat, fish, eggs, raw vegetables and salads, especially when they have been left out exposed to flies. Stick to fresh food .Wash and dry your hands before eating – disposable wet-wipe tissues are useful for this.
Pasteurized milk is now widely available in Nepal as is pasteurized cheese, ice cream and yoghurt.
Medicines (what to take)
There is very little control on the sale of drugs and medicines. You can buy any and every drug in pharmacies without a prescription. Many drugs and medicines are manufactured under license from American or European companies, so the trade names may be familiar to you. Immigration officials occasionally confiscate scheduled drugs (Lomotil is an example) if they are not accompanied by a doctor’s prescription.
Self-medication may be forced on you by circumstances so the following text contains the names of drugs and medicines which you may find useful in an emergency or in out-of-the-way places. You may like to take some of the following items with you from home:
Sunglasses , Earplugs, Suntan cream ,Insect repellent preference ,Mosquito net, Tablets, Water sterilizing tablets , Antimalarial tablets , Anti-infective ointment e.g. Cetrimide ,Dusting powder ,Antacid tablets , Sachets of rehydration salts, Painkillers Antibiotics for diarrhoea etc
Tap water is rarely safe outside the major cities, especially in the rainy season. Stream water, if you are in the countryside, is often contaminated by communities living surprisingly high in the mountains. Filtered or bottled water is usually available and safe, although you must make sure that somebody is not filling bottles from the tap and resealing it. Ice for drinks should be made from boiled water, but rarely is, so stand your glass on the ice cubes, rather than putting them in the drink.
A visa is required to enter Nepal except for Indian passport holders. You can get a Visa at the Royal Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or at the airport upon arrival. Children under 10 years need not pay any visa fees. Two passport sized photos mandatory.
Tribhuvan International Airport is the only international airport of Nepal. Immigration Office, TIA (Tribhuvan International Airport) under Department of Immigration has been facilitating tourists flying to Nepal by providing Visa on Arrival. ‘On Arrival’ visa procedure is very quick and simple. You can expect some queues during peak Tourist season. If you wish to skip those queues, you can also consider getting Visa from Nepalese Diplomatic Missions stationed abroad prior to your arrival. Choice is yours.
If you have obtained visa from Nepalese Diplomatic Missions, then you must enter Nepal within six months from the visa issued date. Your total stay is counted starting from the day you enter into Nepal.
Visas obtained on Arrival at the Entry and Exit points are ‘Tourist Visas’. They bear multiple Re entry facility. Tourist Visa ‘On Arrival’ is the only entry visa to Nepal. If you are visiting Nepal for the purposes other than Tourism (sightseeing, tour, travel, mountaineering, trekking, visiting friends and families), you should still get ‘ Tourist Visa’ to get into the country. However, you must change the category of visa as per your purpose and length of stay in Nepal from Department of Immigration by producing required documents.
On Arrival Visa Fee
15 Days – 25 USD
30 Days – 40 USD
90 Days – 100 USD
Accommodation and other facilities:
Nepal has every type of accommodation facilities that a tourist might ask for. This ranges from the international standard five star hotels to budget hotels and lodges. Similarly one can also have a choice of sightseeing from a range of different tour packages. In order to have an assured quality service it is advisable to use the facilities and services of government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies and the licensed tour guides only and engage an authorized guide or porter only through a registered travel/trekking agency.
What to Wear:
Except in formal gathering informal clothes are acceptable mostly everywhere. Warm garments are required in October-March. An umbrella or a raincoat is must for the rainy season.